Panic disorder is a condition in which an individual experiences significant spikes in anxiety that cause intense discomfort. These episodes, referred to as panic attacks, can occur unexpectedly and are characterized by a variety of physiological (e.g., nausea, sweating, chest pain, shortness of breath, increased heart rate) and cognitive changes (e.g., a belief that they may be dying or having a heart attack). Individuals with panic disorder may also begin adjusting their behavior in response to avoid future panic attacks (e.g., staying away from places in which they have previously experienced a panic attack, avoiding exercises that result in physiological changes similar to those that co-occur with panic attacks, such as increased heart rate).
Dr. Chok utilizes Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) when working with individuals with panic disorder. CBT involves addressing the cognitive, physiological, and behavioral symptoms of the disorder. Dr. Chok works collaboratively with clients to examine the thoughts surrounding panic attacks, which can inadvertently make the experience of panic attacks more uncomfortable. In addition, Dr. Chok works with clients to help them better regulate the uncomfortable physical changes that occur during panic attacks, and develop behavioral strategies to reduce the likelihood of future panic attacks.